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Frequently Asked Questions



What is Mental Health First Aid?
Mental Health First Aid is a course that gives people the skills to help someone who is developing a mental health problem or experiencing a mental health crisis. The evidence behind the program demonstrates that it does build mental health literacy, helping the public identify, understand, and respond to signs of mental illness.
What do people learn in a Mental Health First Aid course?
Just as CPR training helps a person with no clinical training assist an individual following a heart attack, Mental Health First Aid training helps a person assist someone experiencing a mental health crisis such as contemplating suicide. In both situations, the goal is to help support an individual until appropriate professional help arrives.

Mental Health First Aiders learn a single 5-step action plan known as ALGEE, which includes assessing risk, respectfully listening to and supporting the individual in crisis, and identifying appropriate professional help and other support. Participants are also introduced to risk factors and warning signs for mental health or substance use problems, engage in experiential activities that build understanding of the impact of illness on individuals and families, and learn about evidence-supported treatment and self-help strategies. Read more.

What types of topics are covered?
Topics covered include depression and mood disorders, anxiety disorders, trauma, psychosis and substance use disorders. Trainees are taught how to apply the 5-step action plan in a variety of situations such as helping someone through a panic attack, engaging with someone who may be suicidal, or assisting an individual who has overdosed. An important component of the Mental Health First Aid course is the opportunity to practice the intervention strategy rather than to just learn about it. This simple experience can make it easier to actually apply the knowledge in a real-life situation. Read more on these strategies.
How do I find a Mental Health First Aid course near me?
Search for courses near you here. If you are looking for a course from a particular organization or want to specify a course type, then you can filter the results using those additional search criteria.
If I’m already trained in Mental Health First Aid, what can I do next?
We hope you will use your training to help those around you who may be struggling with a mental health or substance use issue. You can also become a certified Mental Health First Aid instructor and help spread Mental Health First Aid across the country. Read more.
How does an organization become an official Mental Health First Aid partner?
Your organization can apply to become a Mental Health First Aid (MHFA) partner by completing this intake form. The MHFA Strategic Partnerships team regularly reviews partnership applications and will reach out to the contact information submitted as soon as we can. Please email with any additional questions.
How can I learn more about Mental Health First Aid USA?
For additional information, click here to contact us.


Where did Mental Health First Aid start?
Mental Health First Aid was created in Australia in 2001 by Betty Kitchener, a nurse specializing in health education, and Tony Jorm, a respected mental health literacy professor. More information on the history of the course is available at Mental Health First Aid™ Australia.
Which countries have Mental Health First Aid?
The United States is just one of many countries that have adapted the program from the original Australian program. Check out the latest map of countries with the program and news from these countries at Mental Health First Aid International.
Have individuals who have experienced a mental illness or addiction contributed to the development of Mental Health First Aid?
Yes. In fact, one of the original founders of the program in Australia is in recovery from depression. Here in the U.S., we continually consult with people living with mental illnesses and addictions to ensure the program content accurately reflects their experiences and perspectives. Additionally, a significant portion of certified instructors are in recovery from a mental illness or addiction.
Is there evidence to support the effectiveness of the program?
Yes. Peer reviewed studies from Australia and across the globe show that the program improves the mental health of both the individual administering care and the one receiving it, expands knowledge of mental health challenges and their treatments, increases the services provided and reduces overall stigma toward individuals with mental health or substance use challenges by improving mental health literacy. One trial of 301 randomized participants found that those who trained in Mental Health First Aid have greater confidence in providing help to others, greater likelihood of advising people to seek professional help, improved concordance with health professionals about treatments, and decreased stigmatizing attitudes. For further evidence supporting Mental Health First Aid, please see the Evaluation section of Mental Health First Aid™ Australia’s website.


Who operates Mental Health First Aid in the U.S.?
The National Council for Mental Wellbeing operates Mental Health First Aid USA in partnership with the Missouri Department of Mental Health.
What is the vision for Mental Health First Aid in the US?
Our vision is for Mental Health First Aid to become as common as CPR and First Aid training. That means having regular courses offered in every community across the US.
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